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Muay Thai is referred to as "The Art of Eight Limbs", as the hands, shins, elbows, and knees are all used extensively in this art. A practitioner of Muay Thai ("nak muay") thus has the ability to execute strikes using eight "points of contact," as opposed to "two points" (fists) in Western boxing and "four points" (fists, feet) used in the primarily sport-oriented forms of martial arts.


Muay Thai Punches ( Chok )
"Chok" ( Punch ) Punch is the most weapon that easy to control if compare to other weapons which using other part of the body. In Muay Thai we use the lowest knuckles to impact a punch and also, the powerful punch will come if you combine forces of shoulder, hip and foot to put additional power of punch.

Straight Punch ( Mud Trong )
muay thai training thailand straight punchIn Muay Thai, we use straight punch mainly to attack opponent’s facial area such as chin, nose and mouth. To increase the effectiveness of the punch, use the knuckle to attack the opponent as well as twisting the shoulders.

muay thai training thailand hookHook ( Mud Wiang San)
Hook mainly used to attack side facial area such temple nose and ear. To do the hook you need to bending elbow a bit, then using the back of the knuckle to attack. To increase the effectiveness of the hook, use the same technique as do the straight punch by twisting the shoulders.

Uppercut ( Mud Seuy )
muay thai training thailand uppercutUppercut punch mainly target to attack chin and stomach. When do the uppercut you should bend the knee and the elbow a bit, then make a punch vertically to attack opponent. Uppercut will be used effectively when opponent is very close or when they are stooping, but sometimes, it is also possible to attack by knee kick instead of uppercut.

Muay Thai kicks ( Tae )
"Tae" ( Kick )
 is vary commonly use in competition, due to its power that may give the opponent knock out in one shot. Normally, we use only some part of lower leg from shin to foot to kick. However, use shin to kick is much more powerful than using foot, but its disadvantage is opponent can grab your leg easier and attack.

Side kick or Round kick ( Tae Tad )
muay thai training thailand side kick or round kickTae Tad are commonly used in Muay Thai as they are very easy to control and we can maintain the balance after the kick to defend opponent's strike back. Tae Tad can be done by swing the leg to attack the target, and in the same time, your hip should also be twisted in the same direction of the swing.

Diagonal kick ( Tae Chiang )
muay thai training thailand diagonal kickThe main target of the diagonal kick is to attack lower rib-cage and we normally use shin to attack. The kick can be done by swing leg diagonally upwards to attack against the target.

Hook kick or Down round kick ( Tae Kod )
muay thai training thailand hook kick or down round kickHook kicks are also commonly used due to its full of power, which more than side kick or diagonal kick. This is because when you kick, your hip and body will fully twisted in the same direction of the swing, which will increase the power of the kick. The hook kick can be used to attack opponent when he is ducking down or in the lower position. However, the major disadvantage of the hook kick is if you miss the target, you may totally lose the balance and give a chance to opponent to strike back.

Muay Thai Elbow ( Tee - Sork )
"Tee Sork" ( Elbow Strike )
It seems that the elbow strike is very unique weapon that make Muay Thai different from other martial arts sports. Elbow strike in Muay Thai can give very severe injuries to the opponent as it will be used to attack when opponent is closer distance and the major target of elbow strike are generally head facial area including jaw, temple, neck and so on. Using elbow strike is very flexible, you can move or swing elbow in any direction to attack, both vertically and horizontally but different method will give different impact to the attack.

The Elbow slash ( Sork Tee )
muay thai training thailand elbow slashThe Elbow slash generally be used when we want to attack the upper part of facial area such as forehead, eye and nose. It can be done by swing the elbow diagonally downward, normally in 45 degree angle (like a "slash" sign) to attack the target. Unlike we normally cannot use the elbow slash to attack alone as we need to get close to opponent enough to attack. The elbow slash will be used effectively when we want to response to opponent's knee-kick.

The Horizontal Elbow ( Sork Tad )
muay thai training thailand horizintal elbowIt is quite similar to the elbow slash technique. The different is only we have to swing the elbow horizontally, parallel to the ground. However, you need to make sure that you must stand firmly when attack, because attacking with full power, you may need to twist to shoulder and hip along with the elbow swing and this will make you losing balance easily.

The Uppercut Elbow ( Sork Ngad )
muay thai training thailand uppercut elbowThe uppercut elbow can be done by swing the elbow diagonally upwards to attack target especially chin. This technique requires speed when using it, which means you have to do it as quickly as you can. However, in the competition, some boxer’s avoid to use it, but use horizontal elbow or elbow slash instead.

muay thai training thailand spinning elbowThe Spinning Elbow ( Sork Glab )
The spinning elbow technique is quite different from other elbow technique. As you have to turn the body around to generate the elbow strike. To do the spinning elbow, we generally use the rear elbow to attack and make sure that you will always look at your opponent while turning the body around and making the elbow strike.

Muay Thai Knee ( Tee - Khao )
"Tee Khao" ( Knee-Kick )
The knee kick can be done by raising the knee to attack which may a bit harder for beginners because this requires proper balance maintain when attack. The main characteristic of using knee-kick is you generally have to be at close-quarter with opponent, but sometimes we can use knee kick to attack opponent while you are in long range such as flying knee kick. In most case, to use knee kick, you have to try to grab the opponent's neck, in order to "lock" and attack. However, when you do the clinch and knee kick, you may be attacked by opponent's elbow strike, as some time you may lose your concentration and defense.

The Straight Knee-kick ( Khao Trong )
muay thai camp phuket straight knee kick To do straight knee-kick, you just simply grab the opponent's neck with two hands and raise the knee straightly to attack the target. However, try to grab your opponent's neck is not easy if you fight with experienced boxer. Also, as I mention above, you must always be careful of your opponent attack by use the elbow. Straight knee-kick is generally target to body; stomach and you cannot knee-kick to the opponent's groin as it is against the rule.

The Diagonal Knee-kick ( Khao Chiang )
muay thai camp phuket diagonal knee kickTo do diagonal knee-kick, it is quite similar as doing straight knee kick. Try to grab opponent's neck with two hands, but raising knee to attack in different direction, diagonally. By using the diagonal knee kick, we intend to target to the thigh, rib, and side of the body, which the straight knee kick cannot reach these targets.

muay thai camp phuket horizontal knee kickThe Horizontal Knee-kick ( Khao Tad )
The horizontal knee-kick is slightly different from both knee kicks I mentioned above as we will grab the opponent's neck with only one hand and the other hand remain guard. Then swing the knee horizontally, moves parallel to the ground to attack the target and when you do the attack, twisting the hip in the same direction of knee kick will increase power of the attack. Make sure you always keep the other hand guarding your chin.

The Knee-slap ( Khao Tob )
muay thai camp phuket knee slapThe knee-slap is one of the weapons that are most-used in Muay Thai competition. In my feeling, the knee-slap may not be one of the most powerful and dangerous weapon to knock out, but it is a good to be used to collect points. However, in the real fight (self-defense situation), the knee-slap also may not a good option to use. The target of the knee-slap are generally trunk and ribs and to do this, grab opponent's neck tightly with both hands, raising the knee to attack be using the inner part of the knee joint to slap on the target.

The Step-up Knee-kick ( Khao Yieb )
muay thai camp phuket step up knee kickThis technique is quite difficult to do as it require more skill as well as the right time to do. To do this kind of knee kick, you have to use lead leg to step on the opponent's thigh and raise your body up then thrust the knee of other leg to attack the target, which mainly are facial area and chin. It's quite rare to see any of boxer in sport boxing use this technique, but if you have a chance to do this, it may be the most powerful knee-kick technique among them all.

Muay Thai Defense Against Attacks
muay thai training blocking Blocking – defender's hard blocks to stop a strike in its path so preventing it reaching its target. Redirection – defender's soft parries to change the direction of a strike, so that it misses the target.  Avoidance – moving a body part out of the way or range of a strike so the defender remains in range for a counter-strike


Like most competitive full contact fighting sports, Muay Thai has a heavy focus on body conditioning. Muay Thai is specifically designed to promote the level of fitness and toughness muay thai training runningrequired for ring competition. Training regimens include many staples of combat sport conditioning such as running shadowboxing rope jumping body weight resistance exercises .

Focus mitts are specific to training a fighter’s hand speed,punch combinations, timing,punching power, defense, and counter-punching and may also be used to practice elbow strikes. Heavy bag training is a conditioning and power exercise that reinforces the techniques practiced on the pads.

Sparring is a means to test technique, skills, range, strategy, and timing against a partner. muay thai training sparringSparring is often a light to medium contact exercise because competitive fighters on a full schedule are not advised to risk injury by sparring hard. Specific tactics and strategies can be trained with sparring including in close fighting,clinching and kneeing only, cutting off the ring, or using reach and distance to keep an aggressive fighter away.


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Source : Mr Isara ( Muay Thai Training Lesson )


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